KYPARISSIA

Kyparissia is a town and a former municipality in northwestern Messenia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Trifylia, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 101.018 km2. The town proper has around 5,100 inhabitants.

The town is situated on the Gulf of Kyparissia, a bay of the Ionian Sea, one of the main breeding grounds of the endangered loggerhead sea turtle. Kyparissia is 38 km north of Pylos, 46 km northwest of Kalamata and 51 km southeast of Pyrgos. The Greek National Road 9 (Pyrgos – Methoni) passes through the town. Kyparissia is the terminus of a now disused railway line from Kalo Nero, on the line from Pyrgos to Kalamata. The town has a port, which is mainly used for cargo purposes. On a hill east of the town centre lies a fortress built during the Frankish period.

The total greenhouse area in Greece amounts to about 5,600 ha, which corresponds to approximately 0.12% of the total cultivated area of the country. Of this area, 92% (5,200 ha) is used for vegetable production and only 8% (400 ha) is occupied by ornamental crops. Nearly 93% of the total greenhouse area of Greece is plastic-covered but nearly 96% of the greenhouses used for vegetables in Greece are plastic-covered.

The main vegetable crops in the Greek greenhouses are tomato and cucumber followed by pepper. Crete is the leading region of Greece in greenhouse production, followed by Peloponnese, Macedonia, Thessaly, Central Greece, Epirus and Aegean Islands.